lundi 28 novembre 2016

Histoire/récit/roman national, mais pour les enfants anglais [nov 2016]

Pour prendre du recul sur l'enseignement de l'histoire jusqu'au brevet, on peut se placer de l'autre coté de la Manche.

Les classes (Year) sont regroupées en 4 étapes clefs (Key Stage) : 
  • Key Stage 1,    Year   1-2,        5  à   7 ans
  • Key Stage 2,    Year   3-6,        7  à 11 ans
  • Key Stage 3,    Year   7-9,       11 à 14 ans
  • Key Stage 4,    Year 10-11,     14 à 16 ans

Le curriculum en cours a été défini en 2013.
Leur suivi est obligatoire ("These are the statutory programmes of study and attainment targets for history at key stages 1 to 3. They are issued by law; you must follow them unless there’s a good reason not to. All local-authority-maintained schools should teach them").

Voici le lien vers le  National curriculum in England: history programmes of study des Key Stage1, Key Stage 2 et Key Stage 3.

Voici quelques extraits
Key Stage 2
Les périodes
  • changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age
  •  the Roman Empire and its impact on Brit ain 
  • Britain ’s settlement by Anglo- Saxons and Scots
  • The Viking and Anglo- Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

Exemples de cas d'études
  • Julius Caesar’s attempted invasion in 55 - 54 BC 
  • the Roman Empire by AD 42 and the power of its army 
  • successful invasion by Claudius and conquest, including Hadrian’s Wall 
  • British resistance, for example, Boudica 
  • ‘Romanisation’ of Britain: sites such as Caerwent and the impact of technology, culture and beliefs, including early Christianity 

Key Stage 3
Les périodes
  • the development of Church, state and society in Medieval Britain 1066- 1509
  • the development of Church, state and society in Britain 1509- 1745 
  • ideas, political power, industry and empire: Britain, 1745 -1901 
  • challenges for Britain, Europe and the wider world 1901 to the present day
Exemples de cas d'étude
  • Renaissance and Reformation in Europe 
  • the English Reformation and Counter Reformation (Henry VIII to Mary I) 
  • the Elizabethan religious settlement and conflict with Catholics (including Scotland, Spain and Ireland) 
  • the first colony in America and first contact with India 
  • the causes and events of the civil wars throughout Britain
  • the Interregnum (including Cromwell in Ireland) 
  • the Restoration, ‘Glorious Revolution’ and power of Parliament
  •  the Act of Union of 1707, 
  • the Hanoverian succession and the Jacobite rebellions of 1715 and 1745