lundi 28 novembre 2016

Histoire/récit/roman national, mais pour les enfants anglais

Pour prendre du recul sur l'enseignement de l'histoire jusqu'au brevet, on peut se placer de l'autre coté de la Manche.

Les classes (Year) sont regroupées en 4 étapes clefs (Key Stage) : 
  • Key Stage 1,    Year   1-2,        5  à   7 ans
  • Key Stage 2,    Year   3-6,        7  à 11 ans
  • Key Stage 3,    Year   7-9,       11 à 14 ans
  • Key Stage 4,    Year 10-11,     14 à 16 ans

Le curriculum en cours a été défini en 2013.
Leur suivi est obligatoire ("These are the statutory programmes of study and attainment targets for history at key stages 1 to 3. They are issued by law; you must follow them unless there’s a good reason not to. All local-authority-maintained schools should teach them").

Voici le lien vers le  National curriculum in England: history programmes of study des Key Stage1, Key Stage 2 et Key Stage 3.

Voici quelques extraits
Key Stage 2
Les périodes
  • changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age
  •  the Roman Empire and its impact on Brit ain 
  • Britain ’s settlement by Anglo- Saxons and Scots
  • The Viking and Anglo- Saxon struggle for the Kingdom of England to the time of Edward the Confessor

Exemples de cas d'études
  • Julius Caesar’s attempted invasion in 55 - 54 BC 
  • the Roman Empire by AD 42 and the power of its army 
  • successful invasion by Claudius and conquest, including Hadrian’s Wall 
  • British resistance, for example, Boudica 
  • ‘Romanisation’ of Britain: sites such as Caerwent and the impact of technology, culture and beliefs, including early Christianity 

Key Stage 3
Les périodes
  • the development of Church, state and society in Medieval Britain 1066- 1509
  • the development of Church, state and society in Britain 1509- 1745 
  • ideas, political power, industry and empire: Britain, 1745 -1901 
  • challenges for Britain, Europe and the wider world 1901 to the present day
Exemples de cas d'étude
  • Renaissance and Reformation in Europe 
  • the English Reformation and Counter Reformation (Henry VIII to Mary I) 
  • the Elizabethan religious settlement and conflict with Catholics (including Scotland, Spain and Ireland) 
  • the first colony in America and first contact with India 
  • the causes and events of the civil wars throughout Britain
  • the Interregnum (including Cromwell in Ireland) 
  • the Restoration, ‘Glorious Revolution’ and power of Parliament
  •  the Act of Union of 1707, 
  • the Hanoverian succession and the Jacobite rebellions of 1715 and 1745